What Can Worm Castings Be Used For?

Worm Castings can be used as an ingredient of potting soil (as plant nutrients) for plants in and around the house. It can also be used as a planting additive for trees, vegetables, shrubs and flowers. When used as mulching material, Worm Castings will ensure that the minerals are absorbed directly into the soil when it is watered. Because Worm Castings will never burn plants, you can use as much of it as you like.

Benefits of Worm Castings

The humus in the worm castings extracts toxins and harmful fungi and bacteria from the soil. Worm Castings therefore have the ability to fight off plant diseases.
The worm castings have the ability to fix heavy metals in organic waste. This prevents plants from absorbing more of these chemical compounds than they need. These compounds can then be released later when the plants need them.
Worm Castings act as a barrier to help plants grow in soil where the pH levels are too high or too low. They prevent extreme pH levels from making it impossible for plants to absorb nutrients from the soil.

The humic acid in Worm Castings stimulate plant growth, even in very low concentrations. The humic acid is in an ionically distributed state in which it can easily be absorbed by the plant, over and above any normal mineral nutrients. Humic acid also stimulates the development of micro flora populations in the soil.
Worm Castings increase the ability of soil to retain water. The worm castings form aggregates, which are mineral clusters that combine in such a way that they can withstand water erosion and compaction, and also increase water retention.
Worm Castings reduce the acid-forming carbon in the soil, and increase the nitrogen levels in a state that the plant can easily use. Organic plant wastes usually have a carbon-nitrogen ratio of more than 20 to 1. Because of this ratio, the nitrogen is unavailable to plants, and the soil around the organic waste becomes acidic.

Worm tea is one of the best organic plant foods! You're crops will love it!!!

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Worm tea is the liquid concentrate of worm compost. Minerals and microbial elements are extracted from the solid compost by actively brewing in water by means of an air pump which forces oxygen into the liquid.

"A primary reason for producing a compost tea is to transfer microbial biomass, fine particulate organic matter, and soluble chemical components of compost into a solution that can be applied to plant surfaces and soils in ways not possible or economically feasible with solid compost.

  While a compost extraction can be made by simply stirring, it's made even better if continuous oxygen is incorporated into this "compost broth" which can increase the original numbers of microbes into the billions. This is known as AACT or actively aerated compost tea.In this case, worm tea.

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What Are Worm Castings?

Worm Castings contain a highly active biological mixture of bacteria, enzymes, remnants of plant matter and animal manure, as well as earthworm cocoons (while damp). The castings are rich in water-soluble plant nutrients, and contain more than 50% more humus than what is normally found in topsoil.

Worm Castings are packed with minerals that are essential for plant growth, such as concentrated nitrates, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and calcium. It also contains manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt, borax, iron, carbon and nitrogen. However, the best of all is that these minerals are immediately available to the plant, without the risk of ever burning the plant. Remember that animal manure and chemical fertilizers have to be broken down in the soil before the plant can absorb them.

As the organic matter moves through the alimentary canal of the earthworm, a thin layer of oil is deposited on the castings. This layer erodes over a period of 2 months. So although the plant nutrients are immediately available, they are slowly released to last longer. The cocoons in Worm Castings each contain between 2 and 10 eggs that hatch within 2 weeks. This means that the process of decomposition are continued by the young earthworms in the soil, provided that the soil is loose, damp and rich enough in organic matter for the worms to stay alive.

The bacteria in the alimentary canal of the earthworm transforms organic waste to natural fertilizer. The chemical changes that the organic wastes undergo include deodorizing and neutralizing. This means that the pH of the castings is 7 (neutral) and the castings are odorless (they smell like a forest after rain). The worm castings also contain the bacteria, so the process is continued in the soil, and microbiological activity is promoted.

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​Our Worm Castings are Organic and Lab Tested 99% Pure!

New uses for worm castings are being discovered everyday. Indoors or outdoors, in the ground or in containers, earthworm castings from St. Clare Heirloom Seeds are for your entire garden.

[Worm Castings -J and R Worm Farm ] Indoors:
Worm Castings can be added to potting soil or mixed into the soil of house plants that are existing. They can also be top dressed on household and inside plants and the nutrients will soak down thru the soil each time they get watered. Repeat every 2 – 3 months as the plants use up the nutrients.

Worm Castings can be used when starting your seeds indoors. The size and growth of vegetable seedlings and transplants will be noticeable improved with the use of Worm Castings. Mix 1 part to 3 part soil or seed starting mix.

In the Garden:
When using in the garden, spread and incorporate them into the surface soil levels of your raised beds. Use anywhere from 1″ to 4″. Worm Castings can also be added to the bottom of the planting hole when setting out transplants, or worked into the soil surrounding established flowers and vegetables. When planting seeds, put a handful of in each hole and plant your seed. Side dress with during the growing season at a rate of 1/2 cup per plant every 2 months. Worm Castings are gentle enough not to burn your seeds or the roots of your plants.

Established Roses:
Mix 4 cups of Worm Castings into the soil 2 – 3 inches below surface of each rose bush. You can also top dress the roses if you are afraid of damaging the roots.

Work in 1 cup of worm castings into the soil above the roots, taking care not to damage them. Apply in Spring, early Summer and early Fall. If you are afraid of damaging the roots you can also top dress. They will not burn your plants if it touches them.

Compost Pile:
Spread a thin layer of Worm Castings in between every new layer of compost. The worm castings help to start the composting action going.

New Lawns:
Apply 10 Lbs. of Worm Castings per 100 sq. ft. of lawn. Work into the top 2″ of the topsoil, then mix in your grass seed and water well.

Established Lawns:
Broadcast Worm Castings as a topdress at a rate of 10 lbs Worm Castings per 100 Sq. feet of lawn.

Trees, Shrubs and Berries Mix 1 part Worm Castings to 3 part soil. Dig your hole and surround the hole with the mixture. Then make a mound of the mixture in the center of the hole and spread the plants roots over the mound. Then fill the rest of the hole with topsoil.

Worm Casting Tea:
You can make Worm Castings into a tea for your garden. There are two ways to do this:


Soak a few tablespoons of Worm Castings in a gallon of water overnight. The tea can then be strained, diluted, and used to water house and garden plants, or be sprayed onto their leaves as a foliar fertilizer.
Get a bucket and fill it 1/5th of the way with worm castings and the rest of the way with water. Add some molasses and kelp powder and, stir and aerate by pouring back and forth between two pails. Do this twice a day for 5 days and let it sit in a warm place. Use the tea for watering your plants or spray on their leaves.